About Bhutan :
Nestling in the heart of the great Himalaya, and called Druk Yul (Land of the Tunder Dragon) by its people, the Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan is on of the World’s most beautiful tourist destinations. Often referred to as the Last Sangri-La, this Himalayan Kingdom is home to a remarkable variety of climate and ecosystem with 72 percent of the country under forest cover, the thunder dragon is a trekker’s paradise and an environmentalist’s dream.
Bhutan is situated on the southeast slope of the Himalayas, bordered on the north and east by Tibet and on the south and west and easy by India. The landscape consists of a succession of lofty and rugged mountains and deep valleys with towering peaks often reaching a height of 24,000ft (7, 3 15 m.) the valley Bhutan are linked by a series of passes in the north. The nation consists mostly of tropical (“La” in Dzongkha). The extreme southern strip of the nation consists mostly of tropical plains which is largely agricultural land producing various crops.
Although archeological exploration of Bhutan has been limited, evidence of civilization in the region dates back to at least 2000B.C. Aboriginal Bhutanese, known as monpa, are believed to have migrated from Tibet. The traditional name of the country since the the 17th century has been Druk Yul, Land of the Dropa (Dragon People). A reference to the dominant branch of Tibetan Buddhism that is still practiced in the Himalayan Kingdom.
Bhutan is comprised of a mosaic of different people who continue to live in valleys isolated from one another and the outside world by formidable mountain passes. Different ethnic groups are also distributed according to the varying environments.
People & Language :
The country’s population of 600,000 is composed of three main ethnic groups. The Sharecrops, who are considered to be the earliest inhabitants of Bhutan, live mostly in eastern Bhutan and are of Indo – mongloid origin. The Ngalops populate mostly western Bhutan Bhutan, who migrated from the Tibetan plains and are the importers who are Nepalese origin settled in the early twentieth century.